Truman was born in Missouri in 1884, and died there in 1972. He came from a humble background, and volunteered for military service in 1917. In 1934 he was appointed Senator and became Director of the Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program, widely known as the Truman Committee. Truman was a freemason and grandmaster of a Grand Lodge. Elected Vice-President in 1944, in 1945 he became the 33rd President of the United States of America and successor to Roosevelt. His 12 years in office ended in 1953.